From the Archives: A Satanic Cult Leader for the GOP

US News & World Report calls him the “evangelical darling.” By some counts, he is the second-most-popular candidate in the GOP scrum. But for anyone familiar with the history of evangelical Protestants in the USA, it can be shocking that a Seventh-day Adventist such as Ben Carson can be so popular among conservative voters. It wasn’t so long ago, after all, that conservative evangelicals considered Seventh-day Adventism to be trick of Satan, a cult to lure unwary believers.

Kings Business anti SDA 1For those unfamiliar with the denomination, SDA had its origins in the “Great Disappointment.” In the mid-1800s, William Miller predicted the imminent return of Christ. Some true believers sold everything to prepare for the end of the world. When October 22, 1844 came and went, some folks reasonably concluded that Miller had been wrong.

But not everybody. One splinter group, guided by Prophet Ellen G. White, explained that Christ had come and gone, but it had been a spiritual event, invisible to the mundane eye. White experienced visions of God and angels, creation and the end of time.

Her followers coalesced into the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Unlike other Christian groups, SDA members had reason to believe that creation had been a literal six-day event. They had reason to believe that it had taken place within the past 10,000 years. After all, White had been shown it all.

This is the church from which Dr. Carson comes. Unlike some presidential contenders in the past, he has made no noise about separating himself from the teachings of his church. Quite the contrary. He has publicly and repeatedly embraced them.

So far, so good.

What remains shocking for those who know their SDA history is that Dr. Carson has been publicly and repeatedly embraced by evangelical Protestants. It was not so very long ago, after all, that evangelical intellectuals blasted SDA beliefs in the harshest terms.Kings Business anti SDA 2

Writing in the 1919 publication of the founding conference of the World’s Christian Fundamentals Association, George Guille described SDA this way:

It is Satan’s stroke against the throne and the heart of God.

Hrm.

And a few years later, in 1921, in the pages of The King’s Business, the magazine of the Bible Institute of Los Angeles (today’s Biola University) one writer described SDA in similar no-holds-barred language. Jessie Sage Robertson warned Biola’s cult expert Keith L. Brooks that SDA was a dangerous cult. As she put it,

Strange, isn’t it, that a whole body of religionists should decry Spiritism as of the devil, and yet accept a whole system of Biblical interpretation received by one [Ellen G. White] in a state of non-self control?

Too many evangelical pastors, Robertson believed, were not aware of these “false religious systems” with “their soul-destroying dangers.”

If I were an SDA neurosurgeon, I might feel a little trepidation at accepting the friendship of such recent enemies. I might not feel excited to be welcomed by people who had so recently accused my religion of such terrible crimes.

Now, I’m not as dumb as I look. I am aware that these warnings are all from a long time ago. I am aware that our last round of elections brought a leader of the Latter-day Saints Church (the Mormons) to staunchly fundamentalist Liberty University to speak.

But I am also aware that schools such as the Moody Bible Institute in Chicago STILL sell charts warning true believers of the dangers of “cults” such as Mormonism and Seventh-day Adventism.

The point, however, is not that evangelicals should or should not embrace Dr. Carson. Rather, the point for all of us is that evangelical belief is always changing.

For progressive secular folks (like me), we need always to remember that evangelicalism is not somehow a product of a past America. Evangelical Protestants are not trapped in time, either from the Victorian 1870s or the Leave-It-to-Beaver 1950s.

And conservative evangelicals need always to remember that their religion is changing, no matter what they might hear. It can be tricky in evangelical circles to talk about religious change, since so much of evangelicalism is based on remaining true to God’s Unchanging Word. Smart evangelicals, however, will be the first to tell you that human interpretation of God’s Word is always changing, and always riddled with errors.

Will evangelical voters vote for a member of a Satanic Cult? Time will tell, but it seems most evangelicals have put that past behind them.

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8 Comments

  1. Fundamentalist evangelical Christianity has adopted a lot of SDA teachings as Young Earth Creationism. So maybe fundamentalist evangelical Christianity has become a satanic cult.

    </irony>

    Reply
    • Irony, maybe, but I still find it odd that so many young-earth creationists do not seem aware that young-earth creationism has not always been a tenet of conservative Protestantism. As anyone who has read Ron Numbers’s book The Creationists knows, mainstream fundamentalists in the 1920s held no truck with the idea of a young earth. Numbers quotes (pg. 60) fundamentalist leader William Bell Riley from 1927: there is not “an intelligent fundamentalist who claims that the earth was made six thousand years ago; and the Bible never taught any such thing.”

      Reply
  2. Julia Vernon

     /  September 22, 2015

    Hi – A minor correction. SDAs and Ellen White did not teach that Jesus had come and gone in an invisible spiritual event. they taught that He had not come at all, but that the prophecies misunderstood as second coming prophecies actually indicated a gear-shift as it were in the intensity of work going on in heaven on behalf of humanity.

    Reply
  3. People like me, who were born and raised within the Fundamentalist doctrines, are not exposed to church history; that is, we were not taught the nuances of most other denominations. We were cautioned against choosing to worship with certain styles of Christianity that were not Biblically correct, as seen by my church leaders. The bogeyman in my upbringing was the charismatic worship a la Pentecostals. If other churches taught Bible authority, Christ’s virgin birth, substitutionary work on the cross, and the Resurrection, other things were seen as minor disagreements. I suppose that there were no SDA churches near me. I never was exposed to SDA teachings prior to Ben Carson, and what I am learning is from secular sources. Evangelicals by and large listen for dog whistles. Sound bites they can get behind. They tend to skim the surface of others they deem “saved”. I think that’s why we are seeing Carson’s large support by evangelicals. IMHO.

    Reply
    • Very true. Same deal with Romney/Mormons. If Mormons were known for being liberal, or if they spun off of the Koran instead of the Bible, then Evangelicals would have gone crazy about the polytheistic threat they pose. Instead, Mormons are slowly remaking themselves as trinitarian-ish evangelicals. In a couple of decades it could have almost no intellectual-theological-cultural tie to the Reformation and earlier. It will just be what it is in the largest growing pentecostal areas — people who read the Bible as a magic book about God’s plan for their life and human history.

      Reply

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